Love and hate were considered principles of attraction and repulsion that alternately dominated the universe in a recurring cycle.Empedocles presented a kind of biological theory of natural selection in an imaginative poem, On Nature.Background We think of a battery today as a source of portable power, but it is no exaggeration to say that the battery is one of the most important inventions in the history of mankind.Volta's pile was at first a technical curiosity but this new electrochemical phenomenon very quickly opened the door to new branches of both physics and chemistry and a myriad of discoveries, inventions and applications.He also played an importqant role in the development of the Western or Sicilian school of Greek medicine.He cured a plague at the Sicilian city of Selinus and claimed he was a god.Heraclitus - Greek philosopher; first of the Greeks to develop a theory of the human soul; he praised its creative resources and spoke of the importance of self-exploration; he spoke of the logos that is common to all and said that the universe is ruled by logos; he always urged that close attention be given to the polarites and concealed structures emodied in language.
For many years the telegraph, and later the telephone, industries were the only consumers of batteries in modest volumes and it wasn't until the twentieth century that new applications created the demand that made the battery a commodity item. The use of bronze for tools and weapons gradually spread to the rest of the World until it was eventually superceded by the much harder iron. Needs a cam, slitter, screw to secure rear depth stop and few blades to complete, a fine usable plane. Stanley #37 Jenny prelateral transitional jack plane with solid adjuster nut, fine tote and beaded knob, japanning on frame has been enhanced, nice eagle logo stamped into toe, very good overall. Stanley #41 Miller's Patent combination plow plane with intact fillester bed, wrap around fence, regular iron fence, early model with elongated top handle spur, and no provision for rear depth stop or slitter, very good overall. Stanley #18 sliding bevel with 10-inch blade, fine overall; plus a rosewood tool handle marked ROLLIS PAT on the chuck, seven bits including chisel, gouge, saw, reamer; chuck is loose, good overall. Lot of tool publications: four Delta or DELTACRAFT booklets; Stanley Pistol Grip Saw Sets; DISSTON SAWS & TOOLS FOR THE FARM booklet; two Steel Carpenters Squares books; File Filosophy by Nicholson File Company. Stanley #3 prelateral smooth plane, good R&L logo blade, vertical cracks at base of beaded knob; tote broken at bottom and glued; recessed adjuster nut, rectangular spring on back of cap, very good overall. Stanley #45 combination plow plane with all three main sections; short and long rods; fine rosewood handle and knob, three depth stops, and cutter box with three beads, nine plows, one match and one sash blades. badger plane with cracked ear, broken nicker wedge, numerous nicks and dings, can be put back into service. At the age of 10, she appeared on the television show Star Search and performed in concert alongside Gladys Knight.At age 12, Aaliyah signed with Jive Records and her uncle Barry Hankerson's Blackground Records. Kelly, who became her mentor, as well as lead songwriter and producer of her debut album, Age Ain't Nothing but a Number.Hasluck reprinted by MWTCA in 1987; plus several Stanley pamphlets. Vaughan & Bushnell #703 iron smooth plane known as a "poor man's Bedrock" with fine original blade, very good knob, tote cracked in middle on one side, very good overall, plus a Stanley household jack plane (same as #5 1/4) very good overall. Pair of jack planes: Stanley Gage G5C corrugated, tote broken at base and glued, good original blade, nice knob, very good overall; and a Stanley S5 unbreakable steel plane with fine SW blade, fine tote and knob, very good overall. Unusual Stanley #191 & 192 iron rabbet planes, both have SW logo blades, and each has the model number cast into both sides of the handle, the 191 needs a depth stop, very good overall. 2 has minor scuffs to the dust jacket but is otherwise fine. Two Stanley publications: circa 1937 pocket tool catalog, complete and very good; plus an advertising circular announcing the new BED ROCK plane, these would have been found in the boxes that Bedrock planes came in, very good. I shows wear at corners and edges, the book itself is fine; the Vol. 1919 catalog of saws adn saw tools, complete and fine; plus a YANKEE TOOL BOOK by NORTH BROS. In recent years batteries have changed out of all recognition. Today the cells are components in battery systems, incorporating electronics and software, power management and control systems, monitoring and protection circuits, communications interfaces and thermal management. Mesopotamia, incorporating Sumer, Babylonia and Assyria, known in the West as the Cradle of Civilisation was located between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers (The name means "land between the rivers") in the so called Fertile Crescent stretching from the current Gulf of Iran up to modern day Turkey. the Sumerians of ancient Mesopotamia developed the World's first written language.(See Map of Mesopotamia) Unfortunately this accolade ignores the contributions of the Chinese people and the Harappans of the Indus Valley, (Modern day Pakistan) who were equally "civilised" during this period practicing metallurgy (copper, bronze, lead, and tin) and urban planning, with civic buildings, baked brick houses, and water supply and drainage systems. Called Cuneiform Writing from the Latin "cuneus", meaning "wedge", it was developed as a vehicle for commercial accounting transactions and record keeping.