Earth Sciences is the study of the Earth in terms of Geography, Geology, Geophysics, etc.It combines the use of Sciences such as Biology, Chemistry, Physics and Mathematics to understand the Earth System. As long as you clean the tile while the calcium is just a film.For those Christians who believe that Genesis (like the other historical books of the Bible) should be understood as literal history, it has therefore been necessary to show the fallacies in the so-called "scientific proofs" of an old earth.Before the discovery of radioactivity, this usually meant arguing against the evidences from crustal cooling, sedimentation rates, or salt influx in the oceans.There are many debates about what method should be us…Uniformitarianism First, let's define uniformitarianism. It is the postulation that the geologic principles that operated in the past are the same as those that are operating today.
The Archive exists expressly to provide mainstream scientific responses to the many issues that appear in the talk.origins newsgroup. The evidence for historical evolution -- genetic, fossil, anatomical, etc.
When I first heard of these (about 1946), I purchased all the back issues and subscribed to all future issues, trying to note all studies and comments potentially useful to creationists. During the century after Lyell and Darwin and up until about 1950, the reaction of practically all Christian leaders was to accept uniformitarianism and the radiometric ages, accommodating them by either the gap theory or the day-age theory. Perhaps the first was Dudley Joseph Whitney, an agricultural scientist who had graduated from Berkeley and then edited various agricultural journals.
Whitney's article, 'The Age of the Earth: Comments on Some Geologic Methods Used in its Interpretation," appeared in the in December 1941, and was the first modern defense of a recent creation that I found.
If, in the year AD 1600, you had asked an educated European how old the planet Earth was and to recount its history he would have said that it was about 6000 years old and that its ancient history was given by the biblical account in Genesis.
If you asked the same question of an educated European in AD 1900 you would have received a quite different answer.